Page 14

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Title
Page 14
Source
Colorado River question
Is Part Of
http://digital.library.unlv.edu/u?/dig,8
Full text
14___________________________________________________________ The bill requires the construction of a canal 139 miles in length for the Coa-chella valley, but omits the $15,000,000 appropriation necessary to pay for this work. (Page 86 Sen. Document 142.) The bill pretends to give employment to ex-service men; actually it allows those in charge of construction and maintenance to hire whom they please. (Line 15, page 17.) It proposes homesteads for ex-service men; actually it builds canals to irrigate corporation-owned lands, including a railroad grant larger than the District of Columbia. (Line 13, page 2.) The bill pretends that the selling price of power must be equal to competitive prices; actually it postpones this requirement for fifteen years, to freeze out the present electric plants, stock and bond holders. (Lines 4 to 10, page 8.) It pretends to limit electrical power contracts to a term of 50 years; actually it provides that the government must renew these contracts indefinitely, or pay for the transmission lines and local distributing system. (Lines 22, 25, page 8.) The bill gives California the power resources of Arizona although California possesses in her own streams twice the water power resources of Arizona. (See report Federal Power Commission.) It proposes flood control to save life and property; actually it insures the irrigation of 3,000,000 acres in California and Mexico, to produce hay, cotton and vegetables for canning, etc., to add to surplus farm products. (Line 3, page 1.) It proposes domestic water for Southern California cities; actually it provides a national fund, for Los Angeles city water works, and to take Arizona water to irrigate the coastal plain, like Owens Valley water was taken 250 miles to irrigate the San Fernando valley. (Lines 9, 14, page 3.) The bill pretends that construction of Boulder dam is permissible under the Arizona Enabling Act and a repealed section of Arizona Constitution, when the proposed dam site was withdrawn three years too late for these to apply, even if otherwise applicable. (Par. C, Sec. 8, page 16 and General Land Office Records.) The bill unnecessarily conflicts with the Reclamation Law, the Federal Power Act and the Constitution of the United States, when real flood control and development can be secured under them. It provides that works constructed in California, when paid for, shall be owned by the people of that state, but that works constructed in Arizona and Nevada shall forever be owned by the federal government. (Lines 21, 28, page 12 and line 12 page 11.) It proposes legislation to build one dam; actually 95% of the water in Arizona is placed in the control of other states through this act. (Par. b and c, Sec. 12.) The bill prohibits Arizona taxing a product to be exported to California, but it permits taxation by Nevada and California, states and counties, of the transmission lines and aqueducts, which will cross their lands just as similar ones are now taxed. (Lines 16-19, page 7.) The bill gives the Secretary of Interior authority to abrogate a contract between the Yuma and Imperial projects on the approval of the latter party only. (Line 6, page 18.) The bill compels Arizona irrigation pumping projects when purchasing power, to pay a one mill tax per K. W. hour to maintain the gravity ditches of California farming competitors. The mines and railroads of Arizona and Nevada must pay a similar tribute. (Lines 21-24, page 5.) The bill assists California to increase her potential 18,000,000 acres of irrigated land and reduces Arizona's prospective agricultural development, which is less than one-fifth as much. The bill provides a veto on congressional action for each of the other six states, but Arizona—whose population residing within the Colorado basin is equal to that of all the other states combined—is denied a voice in this legislation. California and Nevada, who each have about 10,000 people living in this river basin, or including Imperial valley about 70,000 persons interested under this bill, may say how the water for over 400,000 people in Arizona shall be disposed of. (Line 1, page 20 and U. S. Census.) There is not enough water in the Colorado River to develop all the good irrigable land. The states are now lawfully competing for water. The bill changes all present laws. It grants unlimited time for the development of the

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