Page 61


Page 61
Colorado River problem
Is Part Of,8
Full text
366 ALLISON ON THE COLORADO RIVER PROBLEM For 53,000 acres....................................$19.35 per acre Plus distributing system......................... 16.00 Total cost for gravity lands..........................$35.35 per acre Plus pumping system............................ 50.50 Total cost for 23,000 acres of pumping lands.. $85.85 per acre Under the All-American Canal System, the corresponding costs are $106.00 per acre for the gravity lands on the West Side and $156.50 per acre for the pump lands. The advantage of the Mexican route for the West Side lands, is the saving in cost per acre, the saving in maintenance, and in more direct and simple routing, over the prohibitory expense and impossible location of the All-American Canal System as proposed. Mexico.—As has been pointed out, supporters of the All-American Canal must necessarily create a plausible reason for building it. They cannot well use the merits of the canal itself which are by comparison negative. Therefore, the only remaining argument for the canal is Mexico, the "bogey-man". There being no grounds in truth for an argument they and their supporters have recklessly resorted to imaginary accusations which have no bearing on the situation whatever, and, in their attacks on Mexico, have exposed the interests of American farmers in the Imperial Valley to the possibility of a retaliation that might do irreparable damage to the Nation. Among other accusations, the supporters for the All-American Canal contend that Mexican lands have not paid their proportion of the expenses necessary in maintaining the canal and flood-control works of the Imperial Irrigation District. Mexican lands are not owners of these works as are the purchasers who happen to be the Imperial Irrigation District, but are merely customers, having no representation in the control of water affairs and having no participation in the possible earnings from the Canal System. Tables 24 and 25 indicate the amounts which Mexico has overpaid in the past five years in the water and flood-control affairs of the Imperial Irrigation District. In Table 24 the entire financial distribution of the funds of the Imperial Irrigation District has been studied and, from the figures presented by the Auditor of the District, extracts have been taken. The four years of Irrigation District affairs ending December 31, 1922, have been chosen, as those years will properly emphasize the financial relationship between the Mexican and the American sides of the line; the first 1 1/2 years of the financial history of the District (previous to 1919) reflect approximately the same relationship, but the actual distribution of figures is not dependable as to segregation between Mexican and American expenditures. In the four years covered by Table 24, to avoid the risk of dispute as to expense and disbursement, all the expenses of the Imperial Irrigation District, on both sides of the line, have been taken into account, and Mexico has been charged with its proportion of these expenses. In reality, Mexico is simply a water customer of the Imperial Irrigation District and of its Mexican Branch, known as "Compania de Terrenos y Aguas de

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