Page 66


Page 66
Colorado River problem
Is Part Of,8
Full text
ALLISON ON THE COLORADO RIVER PROBLEM 371 In other words, during 1923 the Imperial Irrigation District furnished water to its American water users at the International Boundary Line absolutely free of cost and with an added cash profit of $60 778.25. Were the Ail-American Canal built and functioning in 1923, the same operating costs as those given, in the total of $506 048.96, would have to be met by the American water user in addition to all the other taxes, water costs, and expenses he paid in 1923. Besides, the abandonment by the District of its 137 miles of canals through Mexico, and its 71 miles of protective levees and railroads, together with the rock quarries and properties pertaining thereto, amounting in all to a total capital value of approximately $6 000 000, would be lost. Furthermore, in considering Tables 24 and 25, it should be remembered that at the time the Mutual "Water Companies on the American side were absorbed, they owed the District a total sum of $573 109.23. The Mexican water users owed the District nothing; in fact, they paid in advance on a great deal of their water. Of the sum owing the Imperial Irrigation District by the American Mutual Water Companies, $202 674.23 was written off by the District, and this bonus, granted the American users, is charged in the financial statements proportionately against Mexico also. The supporters of the All-American Canal contend that the restrictions placed on them and on the construction and operation works by Mexico are prohibitive. The restrictions in Mexico are far less severe than those in the United States wherever the public interest is involved. At no time in the history of irrigation of the Imperial Valley have the Mexican engineers been anything but helpful in the construction and maintenance of the System. In addition to the innumerable other objections to having the canal system in Mexico, the supporters of the All-American. Canal urge their desire to control the quantity of water Mexico shall receive from the Colorado River, in order that Mexico shall be the one to be deprived of water when a water shortage comes on them. The position alone of Mexico's irrigable lands in the Delta of the Colorado River assures them of an ample supply of water even if the entire regulated flow is utilized in the projects above them, as long as the waters are not withdrawn from the water-shed of the stream. The return waters from the irrigation of 6 000 000 acres in the projects above will furnish the comparatively small area of Mexican land with an ample supply of water forever. As there is a surplus of water for irrigation requirements, there should be no strife between the two countries in the division of the water, and a treaty arrangement whereby American water can be passed through Mexico under complete control of American owners should be made easy. Conclusion.—Summarizing the whole situation, it must be evident after a careful study of the Colorado River problem from an unselfish and unbiased point of view, that outside of political considerations and ambitions there is no logical reason for the present agitation.

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