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Page 6
The Colorado River Boulder Canyon Project and the All-American Canal
Is Part Of,8
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upon taking out of the Colorado River enters Mexico and traverses that country for 60 miles before it reaches Imperial Valley for the use of the farmers who own it, maintain it and against whom rests all of the debt for its construction. It has just been recited that as a condition for traversing Mexico there has been exacted the concession of the delivery of one-half of the waters flowing in the canal for the benefit of Mexican lands. The price to be paid for the water is fixed by the Mexican Government and the cost of the water to the owners of the Mexican lands is grossly disproportionate to the cost to American farmers on this side of the boundary. Further, the fact that the ownership of the Mexican lands thus benefitted is in the hands of a small group of American landlords residing in Southern California, powerful, financially and politically, in nowise lessens the anxiety of the American farmers on this side of the line. American landlords own 800,000 acres of land in Mexico, of which 200,000 acres are now served with water from the Imperial Valley Canal. It is well to observe that under the conditions recited, whenever the American farmers provide a water supply for one acre of land on United States soil, they must provide a water supply for one acre of Mexican land, and this without any expense to the Mexican lands other than the payment of a grossly inadequate water rate. These several problems of the lower Colorado River constantly menacing the safety and security of property of the farmers naturally caused them to turn to the Federal Government for relief. In this connection we should remember that the Imperial Valley project, while the largest reclamation project in the United States, was built, paid for and is being operated as a co-operative private enterprise by the farmers themselves. In other words, it is not a United States reclamation project and in nowise enjoys the more or less paternal influence that usually surrounds Federal projects. On the other hand, the Federal Government, as the proprietor of the Yuma project in the same basin, has a keen interest in the question, because it is faced in a degree with the same problems. The Kincaid Act After repeated appeals, Congress finally passed what is known as the Kincaid Act, which directed the Secretary of the Interior, through the Reclamation Service, to study the several problems of the Colorado River with a view of discovering and recommending relief. Report and Recommendations of the Reclamation Service At a cost of over $400,000 largely contributed by the farmers of the Imperial Valley, the Reclamation Service made such a study and rendered the report. This was transmitted by the Secretary of the Interior to Congress, and printed. This report is known as Senate 5

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