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The Colorado River Boulder Canyon Project and the All-American Canal
Is Part Of,8
Full text
consisted of a representative of the Interior Department, one from the Imperial Valley and one named by the University of California. This official Board recommended the construction of an Ail-American Canal, vouched for its feasibility, but pointed out that storage should also be provided. Legislation was introduced in Congress to carry out the recommendations of this report but there being no definite or mature plans respecting storage, Congress proceeded to pass the Kincaid Act, directing the Secretary of the Interior to make a full study and investigation of all of the problems of the lower Colorado River, including the possibility of storage and the methods of financing the works recommended in the report. It was at this time that the Boulder Canyon project first took form and substance in a definite way. As has already been recited the present irrigation supply for the farmers of Imperial Valley is obtained from the Colorado River through a canal which runs for its first 60 miles through Mexico. The portion of the canal in Mexico is maintained by the Imperial Irrigation District through a Mexican agency, and under a concession which exacts the tribute that Mexican lands are entitled to and receive from the canal up to 50 per cent of the water and at rates fixed by the Mexican Government. About 200,000 acres of land are now under irrigation in Mexico, all of which are a portion of the 800,000 acres owned by a small group of Americans residing in Los Angeles. The All-American Canal is a proposed substitute for the present arrangement, with considerably extended territorial limits. Under the proposed canal, so far as the plans were matured by the Board, about 200,000 acres of lands now arid, belonging to the Federal Government, will find a water supply as also will about an equal amount of private lands. A canal to serve these larger groups of land will cost but a little more than one to serve Imperial Valley alone. In this way and only in this way can the United States feasibly re-claim the lands it owns. Moreover, this affords the only way for Coachella Valley to re-claim large tracts of now worthless lands. The feasibility of this canal has been vouched for by such well-known and highly respected engineers as Dr. Elwood Mead, W. W. Schlect, C. E. Grunsky, Arthur P. Davis and F. E. Weymouth, a group of trained men, on the whole probably more experienced in such matters than may be found elsewhere in the world. The estimated cost, based on war-time prices, is between thirty and thirty-one million dollars, making a charge per acre of lands benefitted of $36.00. 16

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