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The Colorado River Boulder Canyon Project and the All-American Canal
Is Part Of,8
Full text
Large and valuable power drops will be available to carry the cost and finally retire the debt. Dr. Elwood Mead, present head of the U. S. Reclamation Service, who was a member of the All-American Canal Board and who is thoroughly familiar with conditions in the Imperial Valley, as well as across the border in Mexico, testified before the Senate Committee on January 23, 1925. He said: "What I mean to say is that if we build this regulating structure (Boulder Dam), this reservoir, and do not provide an All-American Canal we are offering a direct incentive to development South of the border and we are building up there, on the basis of that development and our acquiescence in it, benefits that Mexico can rightly claim they get through the operation of the Imperial Canal." The people of Imperial Valley have voted upon the issue of an All-American canal at least twice in the last four years and expressed themselves in favor of this improvement by a majority running from three to one to five to one. These people desire the canal. Southern California communities are not disposed to deny to such people this benefit which they desire and must pay for, anymore than they expect to be opposed in their own desire to participate in other benefits from the Colorado River development which are not against the interests of Imperial Valley. Moreover, it is generally conceded by the representatives who have been present at the hearings at Washington that the elimination of the All-American canal feature of the bill would have a very definite influence upon the prospect of securing from Congress this major improvement at Boulder Canyon. So far as the Congressional Committees are concerned, they are a unit for the reclamation feature, and it is considered as a source of help rather than a hindrance. Moreover, it carries a very strong patriotic appeal. The Interest of Southern California in the All-American Canal Further than this, communities outside of Imperial Valley have a most specific interest in the All-American Canal that is not generally recognized. Any careful study of the figures submitted by the engineers of the Reclamation Service and agreed to by every other engineer of standing, discloses that there is enough water in the Colorado River if fully conserved to supply lands in the United States, plus the 200,000 acres of land in Mexico now being irrigated, plus enough to supply the domestic necessities of Southern California Communities. There is not enough water however to supply these three purposes, plus the balance of the lands in Mexico yet in a desert state. If the All-American Canal is built the United States will be in a position to control the disposition of the stored waters. Contra-wise, if this reclamation measure is not adopted to give the United States 17

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