Page 12


Page 12
Las Vegas, Nevada, where farming pays : the artesian belt of semi-tropic Nevada
Is Part Of,8
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— 12 — mountains are cold, whereas the artesian water in the vicinity of Las Vegas has an average temperature of about 72 degrees-— just right for irrigation. In central and: Northern Nevada is a group of remarkable "sinks," in which good-sized streams disappear bodily underground. The only outlet for this water is the Colorado river, to reach which it must pass beneath the Las Vegas Valley. It is therefore the opinion of competent geologists that the Las Vegas Valley is directly in the path of the underground drainage of one-third to one-half of all Nevada, and that the artesian water found here has come hundreds of miles. This theory, if correct, points toward great possibilities for deep drilling, an experiment which has not yet been tried on an adequate scale. CONSIDER THE PUMP: IT PAYS. The entire Valley is underlaid with surface water at depths of from ten to seventy feet. Receiving scant attention at first, this water is now being developed by means of pumping plants and used for irrigation in portions of the Valley lying outside the artesian belt. The supply has been proved practically inexhaustible. Four pumps, East and South of Las Vegas, are throwing streams of from 40 to 80 miners' inches of water apiece, often running continuously for several days, without reducing the level of the water in the wells. Pump irrigation in the Las Vegas Valley has thus been demonstrated as not only possible, but profitable, which means that every acre of ground in this section that can be tilled can be put under water. LAS VEGAS: THE FIRST "PORT OF CALL" IN THE LAND OF SUNSHINE. It is not uncommon, when, the people are

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