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Page 16
Las Vegas, Nevada, where farming pays : the artesian belt of semi-tropic Nevada
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— 16 — which they are adapted. There are soils light and heavy, the characteristic type being a sandy loam. These variations occur, not in "spots" or isolated patches, but distributed over large areas, so that a man can choosy his land with reference to the things which he wishes to produce. A small proportion of the total acreage in the valley is at present comparatively worthless on account of excessive alkali, though it can be redeemed and rendered very productive by proper treatment. A much larger proportion contains no alkali at all. Of the valley as a whole, it may be truthfully said that few sections of the Southwest contain as little alkali land. LAS VEGAS SOIL GROWS BETTER INSTEAD OF WORSE. Let us be truthful above all things. Much of our best land is not immediately productive. This is a region of scanty precipitation. Further North there is a heavy snowfall in winter. Further South there are frequent rains in Summer. Here there is none of the former and little of the latter. Winter snows and Summer rains support a vigorous natural vegetation, which supplies nitrogen and makes available for plant lood the necessary mineral constituents of the soil—potash, phosphates, lime, etc. Las Vegas soils have these in abundance, but their natural growth is sparse, except where ample water near the surface of the ground supports mesqnite tim-ber. The soil is not far removed from its original condition: powdered rock. It is rich, but refractory. A MATTER OF A FEW MONTHS. What of it? What Nature has left undone, man can do in a few months' time. Persist-

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