Page 25


Page 25
Las Vegas, Nevada, where farming pays : the artesian belt of semi-tropic Nevada
Is Part Of,8
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— 25 — if he so desires, by paying the Government $1.25 per acre. COST OF CLEARING, LEVELING, ETC. The greater part of the Las Vegas Valley, in its raw state, is covered with a light growth of brush, which is easily removed by '"railing," i. e., hitching a team to each end of a length of railroad iron and dragging it across a field. In the lower part of the Valley there is an extensive growth of mesquite timber, in which real "clearing" is necessary. But this timber is so valuable as fuel (it brings $9 and $10 per cord in Las Vegas) that is not only pays for its own removal but leaves a good profit beside. Mesquite also supplies the farmer with durable fence-posts, which can be had merely for the trouble of cutting and hauling. The average cost of clearing and leveling land is estimated at about $15 per acre, allowing $6 per day for man and team. The average cost of an artesian well is from $550 to $750, figured at $1.50 per foot for drilling for the first 300 feet and $2.00 per foot lor the next 100 feet, with casing (generally necessary only for the first 100 or 200 feet) f. o. b. Las Vegas at about 65 cents per foot. A pumping plant capable of throwing 40 to 80 miners' inches of water, with average lift, can be installed for about $1,000. HOW MUCH MONEY SHOULD A MAN HAVE TO START ON? From these estimates, and what has been already stated, it will be seen that a man who contemplates living upon and developing land, in the Las Vegas Valley should have at least $2,000 cash on hand after his land and necessary animals and farming implements have been paid for. He will not need much in the

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