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to the Imperial Irrigation Colony lands, and across the boundary into Mexico. A line is being built that will unite the Southern Pacific branch at Keeler, on the east side of Owens Lake, with Mohave, near the southern edge of the Mohave Desert. Other lines are also projected which, if constructed, will connect Bullfrog directly with Los Angeles. This unusual activity in railroad work, due in part to recent mining developments, has so stimulated prospecting that there is a large influx of strangers, many of whom do not fully realize the danger of traveling through an arid region in which springs are few and far between. The dissemination of information concerning the locations of known watering places and the possibilities for locating and developing water at other favorable points is therefore an urgent need. To meet this need the following report has been written and the map that accompanies it has been prepared. SOURCES OF DATA. The larger part of these data was compiled by Gilbert E. Bailey, who for several years has been obliged to traverse repeatedly many of the main desert roads and trails. At the outset of each trip it has been necessary to select, so far as possible, lines of travel along which water could be found, and to decide on springs that would be suitable sites for camps from which to penetrate the surrounding region. It was not originally expected that the data thus slowly accumulated for personal use would be assembled for publication. The records are therefore by no means complete, nor are they of uniform value, for Mr. Bailey's acquaintance with some districts in the desert is more intimate than with others. Knowledge of watering places in this region is vital, and it is hoped that even the incomplete information assembled in the following pages will be useful. In making the generalized base map (Pl. I) on which the location of the wells and springs is shown, data differing greatly in value and accuracy have of necessity been used. For the region from Death Valley northward and for the southwestern part of the area, including the colorado Desert, the later topographic sheets of the United States Geological Survey are available and furnish satisfactory data. For the area along colorado river from Needles northward old reconnaissance maps issued by the Survey were utilized. Of the region from the Colorado Desert and the Sierra Madre northward to Death Valley no satisfactory surveys have been made, and dependence has necessarily been placed on Land Office maps, railway surveys, and the various general, more or less inaccurate maps that have appeared from time to time. Probably the best of these-—certainly

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