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page 25
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eled. It is well to count paces and to remember that about 2,000 make a mile. You will thus have a good check on the distance that you go, and at the same time will keep your mind occupied. Keep your direction true by traveling toward or from some selected landmark, or by the sun during the day or a star at night, or by keeping with or against or in some fixed direction in relation to the wind. If you think these things out and have studied the country beforehand, so that you know the relation of a road, or a ranch, or a spring, or a river to a given landmark or to the points of the compass, you should have no difficulty in finding your way again. With some persons, however, the faculty of getting lost amounts to genius. They are able to accomplish it wherever they are. The only suitable advice for them is to keep out of the desert. There are safer places in which to exercise their talent. Still others have a geographic instinct and a power of geographic observation which defies time and place. They can not be lost anywhere. For such these lines are not written. MAIN ROUTES OF TRAVEL. STARTING POINTS. Most of the main routes of travel in the desert are by no means straight, but make long detours, their courses having been determined either by the location of watering places or by the desire to avoid crossing desert ranges. A long way round to a given place on the desert may be not only easier but safer than a more direct line. Nearly all the travel into these regions starts from the Santa Fe, Salt Lake, or Southern Pacific Railroad, and the descriptions that follow are given accordingly. In returning from his destination the traveler has only to retrace his steps. FREMONT'S TRAIL. Gen. J. C. Fremont, in April, 1844, entered the Mohave Desert at Cameron Salt Lake, about 22 miles northwest of the modern town of Mohave. From that point he followed the east base of the Sierra southward to what is now known as Water station. Thence his course was southeastward past the Desert Buttes, until he reached Mohave river at "Point of Rocks," near what is now known as Cottonwood station, on the Santa Fe. There he turned down the Mohave to the point where the old Spanish trail left it, about 10 miles east of Otis. From that point he followed the old Spanish trail northeastward to Tomaso Springs; thence northward past the east edge of the Avawatz Mountains to Salt Spring and the canyon of the Amargosa, which he followed up to China Ranch Springs, on Willow Creek. From China Ranch Springs he journeyed to Resting

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