page 38

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page 38
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abundant. The spring has been a camping place for years and is easily found. 43. Tule Springs, Inyo County (F-5).—Tule Springs are on the western edge of the sink of Death Valley, about 5 miles north of Bennet's Wells. They are by the side of the only road that traverses the west side of the valley and are marked by small clumps of tules. The yield is small and the springs are usually partially choked with mud. The water is brackish and not so good as that at Bennet's Wells. 44. Bennetts Wells, Inyo County (F-5).—These watering places are on the west side of the sink of Death Valley, about halfway between its south end and the mouth of Furnace Creek, at 260 feet below sea level. They lie west of the lowest point in the sink, which is about 276 feet below sea level. A wagon road from the south end of the valley passes the wells, whose position is marked by a growth of tules, by many evidences of former camps, and by the ruins of the works of the Eagle Borax Company, which at one time operated there. The "wells," so called, are springs that were dug out and protected by barrels many years ago, and were used, until about twelve years ago, by the mule teams that hauled borax from the north end of Death Valley. The Panamint Range is precipitous along its eastern edge, and there is but little room for a road between the foot of the range and the edge of the sink. The whole surface of the sink is covered with heavy saline deposits, which can be crossed at only a few places. The water from the old wells contains much mineral matter, mainly salt and sulphate of soda. As there are few travelers over this route now, the springs are apt to be choked with drifting sand and must be cleaned out before a supply of water can be obtained. When the springs are cleaned the water can be used by men as well as by animals, but is not very palatable. 45. Springs, Inyo County (F-6).—There are a number of springs on the west side of the Black Mountains, near the summit, that give a small amount of water for several months of the year, but are generally dry during the summer. They are called springs by the prospectors, but are not to be depended on for a steady water supply. 46. Greenwater, Inyo County (F-6).—This is the business center of the Greenwater district. It is reached by stage or by automobile from Zabriskie, on the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad, or from Amargosa, on the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad. Water is hauled to the district at present, but pipe lines are being put in. 47. Cow Springs, Inyo County (G-2).—These are small springs about 5 miles west of Little Lake, and are used by prospectors in that region. They are not on any main road.

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