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debris. Directly south of the camp is a granite bowlder over 60 feet high, which bears a striking resemblance to an elephant's head, trunk, and forefeet, stationed as if the animal were looking directly north. The locality may be further identified by the Indian arrowheads of flint and obsidian that strew the ground. The spring is in a little canyon to the west, perhaps 60 feet lower than the camping place and about 100 yards from it. Its position was once marked by a lone cottonwood tree, but this has been cut down. "Four or five barrels may easily be filled in one night from this spring, and other springs are to be found for a distance of about 500 feet up the canyon. Water was once piped from the spring down to the main road for the use of the borax teams from Death Valley, and there are ruins of two corrals along this old pipe line, but there is no water near them. On leaving the spring eastbound toward Death Valley, the traveler should follow the road down a dry wash to a dry lake, where he should turn northward along the west side of the lake, until he reaches a low divide. Owl Springs (No. 70) lie about 2 miles north of this divide. On approaching Owl Springs from the south he should keep to the main road. Several persons have been lost by turning eastward at the summit, on a road that is less plain than the one that leads to the springs. 70. Owl Springs, San Bernardino County (H-6).—Owl Springs are about 2 miles north of the pass between the Owl Mountains and the Avawatz Mountains. They are about 17 miles by road from Loach's Spring and about 18 miles southwest of Saratoga Springs (No. 74), and furnish the only water to be obtained between these two places. On leaving Leach's Spring the road passes along the west edge of a dry lake, beyond which it climbs a low divide at the west end of the Avawatz Range. On reaching the summit the road Marts down the main wash to the north, and follows it nearly to the springs, turning to the left, or west, at the foot of the Owl Mountains proper. The springs are easily found, as they are at the foot of a monument of stones about 3 feet high, placed to mark the corners of mineral claims, and the area round about them is littered by the debris of many camps. The springs are about 6 feet deep, and the water is not too saline for comfort. A short distance to the west is a trench about 25 feet long and 10 feet deep at the deeper end. The water from this trench is in larger amount and of better quality than that of the original springs. Water can be had almost anywhere around this point, for a distance of at least 300 feet north and south, by digging shallow wells. The road northeastward to Saratoga Springs is sometimes obscured by washouts. Death Valley is in plain sight, however, and if, after following the wash for about 10 miles, the traveler can not find the road, he should keep to the right-hand side of it until he finds a

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