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though they contain no arsenic they do contain very large amounts of sodium and magnesium sulphates, being in fact an almost saturated solution of Glauber and Epsom salts. Men delirious from thirst, whose sense of taste is nearly lost, may easily drink so heartily of these waters as to produce fatal results. Several other springs on the desert that are reputed to contain arsenic are similar in character. The road from Salt Spring northward to the canyon of the Amargosa and to China ranch is covered with deep sand, very difficult to cross. The only water to be had along it is that of the Amargosa river when it flows this far south, or at Sperry railroad station, until the ranch is reached, a drive of 16 miles. The road running westward to Saratoga Springs is rough, but the writer has always preferred to go there for a night camp, returning thence to China ranch rather than to cross the heavy sands north of Salt Spring. J. C. Fremont camped there April 28, 1844, and speaks of the place as follows: "A very poor camping place—a swampy, salty spot, with a very little unwholesome grass. The water rose in the springs entirely too salt to drink." He says also that they found "a spring of good water a few hundred yards away in the hill." This good spring is north of Salt Spring. 76. Sweetwater Springs, San Bernardino County (H-7).—These springs are about 9 miles northwest of Williams Well (No. 105), at the east end of the Avawatz Mountains. They are not on a main line of travel, but are used by prospectors in the Avawatz Mountains, who are said to have recently so marked their location that they can be found by others. 77. Kingston Springs, San Bernardino County (H-8).—These are small springs at the north end of the Shadow Mountains, about 2 miles south of Coyote Holes (No. 78). They are not on any road and there is no well-defined trail to them. The amount of water available is small, but its quality is good. 78. Coyote Holes, San Bernardino County (H-8).—These are brackish springs at the north end of the Shadow Mountains near the head of the divide between these mountains and the Kingston Mountains, on the road from Death Valley to Ivanpah, by way of Clark Mountain. and on the road from Daggett to Sandy, Nev., by way of Bitter Spring (No. 136). The nearest water to the southwest is at the Riggs mine (No. 106), in Silurian Mountain, about 20 miles distant. Horsethief Spring (No. 79) is west of the road at the north end of the pass through the Kingston Mountains. There are also springs (No. 77) about 2 miles south, near the north end of the Shadow Mountains, but they are difficult to find. There is still another spring about 7 miles to the southeast, which may be reached by a dim road along the north side of the Shadow Mountains. Another watering

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