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and the camp is a stopping place for all travelers. The road to this camp from Daggett, instead of going by way of Coyote Lake, crosses the east end of Alvord Mountain and goes on by way of Bitter Spring to the east end of the Avawatz Mountains, where it joins the road from Balch on the Salt Lake route. The latter road runs northward from Balch, past Government Well at Soda Lake. 107. Toltec, San Bernardino County (I-8).—This is a camp occupied by some turquoise miners. It is at the south end of Shadow Mountains, and about 6 miles northeast of Halloran Springs. The camp is supplied with good water, which comes from springs in the mountains near by. 108. Halloran Springs, San Bernardino County (I-8).—Halloran Springs have been for years a camping place for travelers en route from Soda Lake to Ivanpah Mountain and Clark Mountain over the old Ivanpah trail. The springs are near the north end of a little unnamed butte that lies about 10 miles northeast of Dante Springs (No. 140), and are readily located by the quantities of camp rubbish in the vicinity. 109. Spring, San Bernardino County (I-8).—Several desert prospectors have reported that there is a spring about 8 miles southeast of Halloran Springs, and that the water is good, but there are no traveled roads or trails to it. 110. Crater Spring, San Bernardino County (I-9).—There are said to be springs at the Three Ash Craters, a prominent group of extinct volcanoes in the desert at this point. They are not near the main-traveled roads and are visited only by prospectors. No accurate description of them has been obtained. 111. Valley Wells, San Bernardino County (I-9).—Valley Wells, known also as Rosalie Wells, are situated near the border of Ivanpah Mountain, on the main road from Soda Lake and from Kessler Springs (No. 112) to the old copper mine in Ivanpah Mountain. The wells were dug by a mining company and supplied enough water to operate the smelters that were once in use on the copper ores of this district. 112. Kessler Springs, San Bernardino County (I-9).—Kessler Springs, elevation 5,500 feet, are well known to most desert travelers, as they are on the old road from Daggett by way of Soda Lake to the New York Mountains. They are at the south end of Ivanpah Mountain, about 6 miles northwest of Cima station, on the Salt Lake Railroad. A road leads from them to the town of Ivanpah, about 10 miles northeast, and to Rosalie, about 12 miles northwest. The water is abundant and excellent. 113. Cottonwood Spring, San Bernardino County (I-10).—This spring is on the north side of the New York Mountains, near the Salt Lake Railroad, and is used principally by miners and pros-

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