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224. Piñon Pine Well, Riverside County (O-8).—This well is about 25 miles northeast of Indio, on the new wagon road to Twenty-nine Palms Springs. The air-line distance is perhaps 15 miles. A mining company has erected a 2-stamp mill here and sunk a well from which a good supply of pure water is derived. The well receives its name from the piñon trees around it. About 3 miles southeast of this camp, away from the main road or trails, are the Red Tanks, where water collects in a bowl in the granite. The writer has no information as to the permanency of this supply or the quality of the water. 225. Stirrup Tanks, Riverside County (O-8).—These tanks or natural rock basins are in the granite of an unnamed range, the one next west of Pinto Mountain. They are on the road from Indio to Twenty-nine Palms Springs, and have not been known to be dry during the last ten years, a period of exceptionally low rainfall in the Southwest. The water is of excellent quality. Travelers may learn the route to them at Indio or Twenty-nine Palms Springs. 226. Washington Tank, Riverside County (O-8).—This tank is in the San Bernardino Range, about 16 miles west of Cottonwood Springs (No. 227). The water is said to be of excellent quality and a fair supply may be depended on in ordinary seasons. Travelers will have to make local inquiries in order to find the tank. 227. Cottonwood Springs, Riverside County (O-9).—These springs are in Cottonwood Pass, 26 miles northeast from Mecca, on the main road to Dale. They are 14 miles northeast of Shaver Well (No. 241). The springs are readily found, their site being marked by the ruins of a concrete reservoir and by the corral, water troughs, and engine house of the Iron Chief Mining Company. The water, which is of good quality, is usually flowing, but more or less debris often obscures or obstructs the springs during the winter rains, so that the first travelers in the early spring are obliged to clean them out. About 3½ miles east, on a trail on the south slope of Cottonwood Mountains, are many large native palms growing in the canyons, where water ] is always standing exposed or close to the surface. At the southwest end of the Providence Range, 75 miles northward, are other springs of the same name (No. 162). 228. Iron Chief Well, Riverside County (O-9).—This well is in the northeast end of Eagle Mountains. It is reached by a side road from Cottonwood Springs, which lies about 8 miles southwest. The water is good. 229. Lightfoot or Bowlder Well, Riverside County (O-10).—About 6 miles west of Palen Dry Lake a well has been sunk by Lightfoot Brothers, who have erected over it a windmill which is visible for a number of miles. This windmill and pump are usually out of order.

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