page 83

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springs were named, having been destroyed by fire. The springs are about 12 miles by wagon road east from Borego Spring, or 45 miles from Julian, but the road is little used, is dim, and may be difficult to follow, particularly after the winter rains. Broken clay hills and deep washes surround the springs. Grass and wood in small quantities may be found near them. When they are kept open the water is fairly good, but it becomes bitter and bad by neglect and disuse. The soil is impregnated with alkaline salts. 255. Soda Springs, Imperial County (Q-8).—Soda Springs are located about 15 miles southeast of Fish Springs (No. 256), on the road from Mecca down the west side of the colorado Desert, The water is so salty as to be scarcely potable and near by are other springs whose water is entirely undrinkable. Soda Springs are at the base of a low barren knoll, one-half or three-fourths of a mile south of Clay Point, marked by a government bench mark, around which the road turns on the way from Mecca to Seventeen Palms Springs. The road from Clay Point south toward Harper Well (No. 264) is very little traveled and is difficult to find. 256. Fish Springs, Imperial County (Q-8).—Fish Springs (230 feet below sea level), now (1908) submerged to a depth of about 25 feet beneath Salton sea, are a group of strong natural springs whose aggregate yield is several miner's inches. The waters are tepid and slightly saline, but of sufficiently good quality to be used by men or animals without injurious effects. Before their submergence these springs were especially important to travelers because they are at the southernmost point at which water of fair quality can be procured in abundance along the west side of the desert until Harper (Mesquite) Well is reached. They will emerge again as the lake shrinks by evaporation, and when the lake water has become too saline for use they will again become important. Their position is indicated by a prominent rocky point which stands out in the desert about 1 mile east of the base of the Santa Rosa Mountains, and which is conspicuous not only because of its position but because of the distinct water line that encircles it 10 or 15 feet below its summit. This point is about 2 miles northeast of the springs. 257. Figtree John's Springs, Riverside County (Q-8).—This small group of springs is about 12 miles south of Mecca station, and about 3 miles southeast of Agua Dulce, at 197 feet below sea level (U. S. Geological Survey). About the springs are clustered the huts of the family of Figtree John, one of the Coahuila Indians. The water is tepid but is abundant and of excellent quality. The position of the springs is marked by a number of large fig trees. They are about 1 mile east of north of a rocky outlier of the Santa Rosa Mountains, which also serves as a landmark for the location of Fish Springs, about 3 miles farther south. Figtree John's Springs

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