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In March, 1901, excellent water was found by digging a hole in the sand near the right bank of the wash, about 430 feet upstream from the springs. Firewood is scarce in the vicinity, but grass for stock may be found some distance away. These springs are about 9 miles southeast from Seventeen Palms Springs. 264. Harper (or Mesquite) Well, Imperial County (R-8).—At the junction of Carrizo and San Felipe creeks an attempt was made a few years ago to develop oil. No oil was found, but at a depth of about 300 feet a flow of good water was obtained. The site of the well is plainly marked by the derrick, which can be seen for a long distance across the desert. There is an abundance of mesquite timber in the vicinity. 265. Kane Spring, Imperial County (R-8).—This spring is 6 miles east of Harper Well, on top of a low knoll. It is surrounded by cane, salt grass, and arrow weed. The water is full of soda and is very poor, being hardly fit for use. 266. Agua Caliente Springs, San Diego County (S-T).—About 3 3/4 miles eastward from Vallecito Springs and about three-fourths of a mile southeast of the main wagon road between Julian and Carrizo station there are several springs in a natural amphitheater comprising an area of about 50 acres. The water is tepid and is impregnated with sulphur, but is not unpleasant to the taste. The combined flow of the springs makes a rather large stream. Grass and wood are scarce. 267. Mountain Palm Springs, San Diego County (S-7).—These springs are at the foot of a high, broken rocky ridge and are several miles south of the main wagon road across the Sierra Madre, but can be easily reached by a side road that was made a few years ago. The water is cool and fairly good. Wild palms and other vegetation make the vicinity inviting. 268. Palm Springs, San Diego County (S-7).—There are several Palm Springs in San Diego County, but those here referred to are about 9 miles east of Vallecito Springs, just north of the line between sections 25 and 36. The palms that gave the springs their name were destroyed long ago, but there are several mesquite trees near by. The springs are situated under a clay bank, and digging is sometimes necessary in order to obtain water. The water has a temperature of about 60° and is somewhat sulphurous. 269. Mason ranch, San Diego County (S-7).—Mason ranch is on the road from Carrizo Creek to Sentenac and Agua Caliente (Warner's ranch). This is the principal road through this part of the desert, and may be easily followed and identified. At the ranch, which will be recognized at once by travelers over the road, an excellent supply of water has been developed.

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