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270. Carrizo station, San Diego County (S-8).—Carrizo station (elevation, 450 feet) is near the left bank of Carrizo Creek wash, about 9 miles east of Palm Springs, on the main wagon road from Julian to the Imperial Valley. There are a number of springs near the station, and two of them furnish fairly good water. There is also a rather large tule swamp around the station, from which a strong stream of alkaline water flows. Hough clay hills of late Tertiary age, showing typical badland erosional forms, are prominent features of this region. Carrizo was originally a stage station on one of the old overland lines, but the adobe buildings are now in a dilapidated condition, their ruin having been completed by the earthquake of February, 1892. 271. Coyote Well, Imperial County (S-8).—Coyote well is about 375 feet above sea level, on the main wagon road from Mountain Springs (No. 274) to Silsbee, the southernmost of the wagon roads that cross the Sierra Madre from the Imperial Valley to San Diego. The old Coyote well was a mere pit curbed up with planks. A new well, standing about 100 feet from the old one, was fitted up with a pump, but this has been broken recently. The water is rather alkaline, but improves after the well has been used for some time. 272. Yuha Springs, Imperial County (T-8).—Yuha Springs are located in a wash near the corner of sections 5, 6, 7, and 8, about 5 miles southeast of Coyote well and a mile southwest of the derrick at the Yuha oil well. The regular wagon road from Campo to Silsbee crosses the desert about 2 miles north of the springs. The water is impregnated with alkaline matter, but when used continuously is not unpleasant or harmful. In 1905 there was a trough and pump at the springs. 273. Sunset Springs, Imperial County (S-10).—These springs, which have long been known, are about 13 miles south of east from Brawley, below the old beach which is so prominent a feature about the borders of the colorado Desert. It is reported that the paths of animals using the springs led to their discovery. They are of less importance now than before the reclamation of so large a part of the Imperial Valley by the introduction of colorado river waters. 274. Mountain Springs, San Diego County (T-7).—Mountain Springs are about 9 miles by wagon road from Jacumba Springs (No. 275) and 33 miles from Campo, at an elevation of about 2,500 feet. Forty years ago there was a stage station here on the Butterfield stage line that ran from San Diego to Yuma. The ruins of the old stone corral and buildings are still visible. The water issues from the side of a rocky ravine and a portion of it is carried in an inch pipe about 200 feet long to a trough beside the road. Its quality is excellent.

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