page 47


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47Arizona is amply protected under the compact. I feel that the opposition in Arizona arises largely out of a miscalculation as to the resources of the Colorado River during the next 50 or 75 years.There have been estimates made by each State as to the maximum area that could be irrigated from the Colorado. These estimates totally disregard the economic conditions. From time to time the maximum that could be brought under water naturally exceeds the economic feasibility of the plan. Naturally, we all look forward to some time ahead when it might be profitable to spend three or four hundred thousand dollars an acre for purposes of irrigation, but if we would limit our outlook to the next 40 years I am convinced there is more water in the Colorado River than will ever be applied in the seven States.The compact provides for a division of approximately 60 per cent of the water between the upper and lower basins, and provides that at the end of 40 years there shall be a redivision of the balance of the water. It would seem to me that we can trust the next generation to be at least as intelligent as this generation, and I hope more intelligent, and that a margin of flexibility has been left that ought to make it possible to adjust the situation that might arise even at the end of a much longer period than we need to consider at the present time.In other words, it seems to me we are somewhat fighting at the shadows of things that may not develop at all. I have wondered sometimes if we went back to 1850 and endeavored to consider the physical problems that confronted the people at that time, as to what would happen in the next 75 years, what the result might have been. Consider, for instance, the development of Faraday's great discovery in electrical induction, from which the whole electrical development of the world has sprung, the most revolutionary discovery in the history of the industrial world. Who could have foreseen its effects or the solution of these problems?So that I believe that the question of these rights, the flexible provisions of the compact, the capability of solution by the next generation, will tend to work the situation out in the end. When we endeavor to build up the situation for such a long period in the future we will probably find ourselves wrong at the end of the next 40 years.I do not believe I have anything further to say at this time, except to express the hope that Arizona might join in the removal of the last conflict with regard to the proposition that is before you. I believe it is most desirable that you should have a solution at the earliest possible moment. If there are any questions, I will be glad to answer them.Mr. HAYDEN. The negotiation of the original Colorado River compact as provided for by the acts of the several legislatures and of Congress contemplated the apportionment of the water to each of the seven States, but it has been my understanding that you found it impossible to do that.Secretary HOOVER. Perhaps, had we continued those negotiations, we might have arrived at a settlement of the rights of each State; I do not know, but it appeared to us that we had accomplished the settlement of the most urgent public question by removing the opposi-

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