page 67

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page 67
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http://digital.library.unlv.edu/u?/dig,8
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67amount of electrical energy that may be thus consumed. So our amendments have kept close to the line of our actual necessities.The seventh class is a class designed to leave with the States wherein this water is used the principle of home rule in the use of waters within the boundaries of the State. The Federal reclamation act contains a provision acknowledging, or at least not interfering with that right, and we ask for a recognition of this general principle in the present bill.Such are the amendments which we drafted.There is one amendment which was offered by Commissioner Squires of Nevada and to which I have no objection, and which is to the effect that just as the Government shall manage this project in accordance with the terms of the Colorado River compact, so shall the Government manage it in accordance with the terms of the tri-State compact which may yet, and which we all hope will be, entered into by the States of California, Nevada, and Arizona.Referring to the bill as thus amended, there are reasons leading me to support it, and these reasons may be put into two classes. Some of these reasons are simply appealing reasons, but others, I think, are absolutely compulsory. Among the appealing reasons are those, of course, of flood protection for the benefit of the Imperial Valley and the valley on the Arizona side.There is also, of course, the desire on the part of our southern neighbors to have the Federal Government reclaim a considerable area of land. There are municipalities down there that look to this river as a source of supply, and the whole region badly needs power.All of those are what I call reasons that appeal to us, but they are not of the compelling kind; that is, they do not compel the city of Denver to support this measure. But there are certain reasons which I put in the compulsory class.There is the international reason which has been advanced so strongly, as I understand it, by Secretary Work. Although this Government has taken the position that, as a legal matter the neighboring Republic of Mexico has no right to have waters flow down to it for use within that country, yet we know that something like 200,000 acres of land are already irrigated down there and that land is being put under irrigation each year at the rate of something like twenty-five or thirty thousand acres. We know too that Mexico will expect some portion of the water of this river system. We know too the danger when it comes to negotiating treaties, if they be negotiated, of the moral claim that Mexico would seek to find in the actual uses which she is making at the time of the treaty. But we also recognize that almost all of this water arises in the United States; that the Mexican shore line upon the river is almost insignificant, compared with the shore line exposure of the States of our own Union, and we feel that Mexico is certainly not entitled to anything more than any single one of the American States would be entitled to in the way of water to be drawn from the system. Now this project with its great reservoir and with its possible all-American canal becomes a means whereby this Government may better confine the uses of water to this country if it chooses to do so, may better bring about the negotiation of a fair treaty with Mexico than it otherwise

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