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PROTECTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF LOWER COLORADO RIVER BASIN. COMMITTEE ON IRRIGATION OF ARID LANDS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Wednesday, June 21, 1922--Continued. Mr. SWING. I would like to present Professor Durand, of Stanford University. Professor Durand is a graduate of the Annapolis Academy and has served in the United States Navy. He has been engaged in research work for the Government on water propellers and more recently on air propellers. He was professor of marine engineering at Cornell University and at present is professor of mechanical engineering at Stanford University. During the war he was chairman of the Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and was later scientific attache at Paris. He was the connecting link between the United States Government and the Allies on war research. He is a member of the board of consulting engineers of San Francisco on the Hetch Hetchy project and has been a member of the Los Angeles Hydro Electric Consulting Board since 1909. STATEMENT OF PROF. W. F. DURAND. Professor DURAND. I should, perhaps, explain that the reason I am appearing before this committee (my primary connection being as a professor in Stanford University) is due to the fact that during the entire period of the development of the municipal power system of Los Angeles I have been in association with those undertakings in a consulting capacity and have, therefore, had an opportunity of becoming familiar with the power problems of Los Angeles as a city and, in a considerable degree, with those affecting the southern part of California, and, of course, in some lesser degree the entire section of the Southwest. Mr. LITTLE. Were you employed by the city? Professor DURAND. By the city, yes. Perhaps I should also say that my contact with these problems has been chiefly technical and the subjects which I might naturally discuss before this committee have already been generally covered by the Director of the Reclamation Service. Any detailed discussion of these phases of the subject would therefore lead to a repetition, in considerable degree, of a part of the testimony already presented before the committee. This I believe to be unnecessary and I shall, therefore, endeavor to restrict my comments to certain features which were not so fully dealt with by the Director of the Reclamation Service and to certain other points which may be of interest to the committee. Evidence has been shown, in the questions which members of the committee have asked, regarding the very keen interest which they take in the problem of financial reimbursement, the problem of the practicability of the scheme as a financial and economic undertaking, and I wish to speak to that point briefly--that is, regarding the question of the prospective market for power as we see it in the southern part of the State of California and generally throughout the Southwest. It is known, I take it, to most members of the committee, that the city of Los Angeles has already developed power along the line of the aqueduct to the extent, in round numbers, of about 100,000 horsepower; the remaining capacity of the aqueduct and of the streams immediately tributary thereto represents something like 150,000 horsepower more, so that the ultimate development of the power immediately along the line of the aqueduct--thinking merely now of Los Angeles as the single customer--will be represented by something like 250,000 horsepower. The present demand for power in the city of Los Angeles far outruns its present development and it is itself at the present time a large purchaser of power from the private power companies. The business agent of the city of Los Angeles in recent years has been compelled to decline discussion with large prospective power users regarding power for industrial purposes and representing an aggregate of something like 100,000 horsepower. That is to say, there exists at present a void which might be immediately filled or filled at a very early date represented by some such figure.

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