University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Union Pacific Shop Bulletin p2

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2THE BULLETINconditions peculiar to the various industries.8. "I believe that the most effective structure of representation is that which is built from the bottom up; which includes all employes, which starts with the election of representatives and committees in each industrial plant, proceeds to the formation of joint district councils and annual joint conferences in a single industrial corporation.9. "I believe that the application of right principles never fails to effect right relations; that the letter killeth but the spirit giveth life; that forms are wholly secondary while attitude and spirit are all-important; and that only as the parties in industry are animated by the spirit of fair play— justice to all and brotherhood— will any plan which they may mutually work out succeed.10. "I believe that the man renders greatest social service who so co-operates in the organization of industry as to afford to the largest number of men the greatest opportunity for self-development and the enjoyment of those benefits which their united efforts add to the wealth of civilization."I believe in the stockholder's responsibility. Unfortunately, I am a minority stockholder in practically all of the concerns in which I am interested, but I do not believe that the fact that I am a minority stockholder and therefore, have no legal right or voice in the industrial relations. I am , making every effort that I possibly can to be sure that my views will be considered, that my voice will be heard by the management of these concerns and I earnestly urge every other minority stockholder to make a strenuous effort to bring whatever influence he has to bear on this point. Adopting a common sense attitude on this all-important matter, America can continue to progress and we can enjoy prosperity as the greatest industrial nation in the world. Continued nagging, squabbling, and endeavoring to take advantage of the other fellow, can only lead to more strife, greater loss, disappointment and disaster for everyone concerned."It looks as though one of the greatest capitalists of them all has written the workers' bill of rights.The Babson Institute experts whose business it is to cut away the trappings and get down to fundamentals have endorsed it, not only as a reasonable but as a practical program. Economic history teaches that almost any industrial ill can be remedied by following in substance Mr. Rockefeller's basic principle. Every worker is a human being first, and industrial worker second." To this need only be added the axiom that the worker isa rational being and if he faced the same set of facts that the employer faces he would come to the same conclusion.THE AMERICAN'S CREEDI believe in the United States of America as a Government of the People, by the People, for the People; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes.I therefore, believe it is my duty to my country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag; and to defend it against all enemies.(Authorized Version)THE STORY OF THE AMERICAN'S CREEDThe idea of laying special emphasis upon the duties and obligations of citizenship in the form of a national creed originated with Henry S. Chap-in. In 1916-1917 a contest, open to all Americans, was inaugurated in the press throughout the country to secure "the best summary of the political faith of America." The contest was informally approved by the President of the United States. The artists and authors of the Vigilantes, especially, and representative of other patriotic societies supported it; the city of Baltimore, as the birthplace of the Star-Spangled Banner, offered a prize of $1000, which was accepted, and the following Committees were appointed. A committee on manuscripts, consisting of Porter Emerson Browne and representatives from leading American magazines, with headquarters in New York City; a committee on award, consisting of Matthew Page Andrews, Ir-vin S. Cobb, Hamlin Garland, Ellen Glasgow, Julian Street, Booth Tark-ington and Charles Hanson Towne; and an advisory committee, consisting of Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States Commissioner of Education, Governors of States, United States Senators and other National and State officials.The winner of the contest and the author of the Creed selected proved to be William Tyler Page, of Friendship Heights, Maryland, a descendant of President Tyler and also of Carter Braxton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.FROM THE CONGRESSIONAL RECORDThe complete proceedings in regard to the official acceptance of The American's Creed may be found in the "Congressional Record, No. 102, April 13, 1918, from which is taken the fol-lowing explanation of the doctrinal origin of The Creed:"The United States of America"— Preamble Constitution of the United States."A Government of the people, by the people, for the people"—Preamble Constitution of the United States; Daniel Webster's speech in the Senate, January 26, 1830; Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg speech."Whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed"—Thomas Jefferson, in Declaration of Independence."A democracy in a republic"— James Madison, in "The Federalist," No 10; Article X of the Amendments to Constitution."A sovereign Nation of many Sovereign States"—"E pluribus unum," great seal of the United States; Article IV of the Constitution."A perfect Union"—Preamble to the Constitution."One and inseparable."—Webster's speech in the Senate, January 26, 1830."Established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes."— Declaration of Independence."To support its Constitution"—Oath of Allegiance, Section 1757, revised Statutes of the United States."To obey its laws"—Washington's Farewell Address; Article VI, Constitution of the United States."To respect its flag"—National Anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner; Army and Navy Regulations; War Department circular on Flag Etiquette, April 14, 1917."And to defend it against all enemies"—Oath of Allegiance, Section 1757, Revised Statutes of the United States.(Authorized version.)The Brick Manufacturers Association in Cleveland shows a trowel, alleged to double the work of a bricklayer.Many bricklayers would object to a trowel that would let them lay twice as many bricks in a day. They don't know that such an invention doubles the value of a man, and in the long run doubles his earnings.Stagecoach drivers objected to the locomotive. The locomotive engineers earn four times the salary of the old coachman.Workers in England attacked improved machinery for making cotton goods. It was necessary to fortify the mills. That machinery employed ten men in place of one and trebled wages.



Union Pacific Shop Bulletin p2
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