University of Nevada, Las Vegas

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Oration by W. H. Knickerbockerrough food was cooked over an open fire; the horses were hobbled and turned loose to rustle for themselves.Three months later the West rang with the news that a new silver bonanza had been found, and the rush started. The nearest railroad, fifty miles away, was literally swamped with passengers and freight; old stage coaches were resurrected and put into service; tents and rough board buildings supplied shelter; eating houses and saloons appeared as by magic; great freight teams came from out of the distance, lumbering over the rough roads, hauling food and supplies to the new Eldorado and returning with ore for shipment to distant smelters. Drawn by ten and twenty animal teams these outfits, plodding steadily over the desert, raised a pillar of dust that hung incessantly in the air, marking the course of the wagon roads.Prospectors, fired with the lust for gold, penetrated the hinterland, the home of the coyote, jack rabbit and side-winder, with an occasional herd of wild cattle to break the desolate scene. In 1903 gold was found twenty-five miles south of Tonopah and the great camp of Goldfield came into being. Followed in rapid succession Bullfrog, Rhyolite, Manhattan, Round Mountain, Fair-view, Wonder, Rawhide, Gold Circle, Seven Troughs, Jarbidge, and a score or more of lesser camps that have since passed into oblivion.The craze for gold drew men—and women—fromPAGE THREE

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